Alfred Victor, Count de Vigny, a French poet and novelist, born in 1799, entered the royal guard in 1816, but retired from military service in 1828, and devoted himself exclusively to literature. He died in Paris in 1863. His Poèmes (1822) and his allegory of Eloa, ou la Sœur des Anges, placed him among the leaders of the new romantic school of poets. In 1826 he published Poèmes Antiques et Modernes, and also an historical novel, Cinq-Mars, which attracted much attention. In 1835 appeared his celebrated drama Chatterton. He also wrote Stello (1832); Servitude et Grandeur Militaires (1835); and Les Destinées, a philosophical poem published after his death in 1864.